Bariatric Surgery is an umbrella term for the various forms of surgeries falling under it. Here is a glimpse for a detailed understanding.
Sleeve gastrectomy – in which the stomach is reduced laparoscopically to about 15% of its original size. The resultant tube like structure is equal to a banana. The procedure reduces the size of the stomach, although there could be some dilatation of the stomach later on in life.
The procedure involves surgical removal of left side of the stomach which is roughly the size and shape of a banana.
Since this operation does not involve any “rerouting” or reconnecting of the intestines, it is a simpler operation than the gastric bypass or the duodenal switch.
- It does not require disconnecting or reconnecting the intestines
- It is a technically simpler operation than the gastric bypass or the duodenal switch
- It is known to reduce hunger stimulating hormone
- Unlike gastric bypass & gastric band, patients feels full with liquid intake as well
- Diabetes : Resolution/Improvement in > ~70%
- Hyperlipidemia : Resolution in > ~90%
- Hypertension : Resolution is noticed in > ~75% patients
- Sleep Apnoea : Resolved in > ~85% patient
- Intra-operative Complications –
- Bleeding, injury & stapler malfunctioning etc.
- Early Complications –
- This includes wound infections, pulmonary embolism, leaks, bleeding & cardio-pulmonary complications etc.
*The reported incidence of complications is at par with other major surgeries performed on obese patients.
- Higher protein intake, multi vitamin & mineral supplementation prevents any nutritional deficiencies