The psychological impact of the reality that one is overweight can be emotionally challenging and affect self-confidence. Obese people find it difficult to lose weight simply by following diet and exercise alone. A person who has tried all the non-surgical attempts to shed extra pounds can only understand the importance of obesity surgery – the only effective tool for substantial weight loss. Bariatric surgery which includes well-known surgical procedures such as Gastric band, Sleeve Gastrectomy & Gastric bypass have ameliorated the overall health of the people struggling with obesity and other co-morbidities associated with it. Brief information on how to prepare for weight loss surgery.
1) Psychological evaluation of the patient – It is important to evaluate whether patient is mentally prepared to undergo the surgery & understands the requirements post-surgery.
2) An extensive work up including blood tests & other investigations are done to evaluate fitness & to get an idea of the vitamin & mineral status.
3) Diet before surgery – Patients are advised to follow a high protein, low carbohydrate & low-fat diet (not necessarily liquid) to reduce the liver size.
4) Incentive spirometry (breathing exercises) is the most important preparation. It improves lung function & ensures faster recovery post-surgery.
5)Communication with the bariatric team is essential – In order to see the best results during and after the surgery, effective communication with your bariatric surgeon & his team of physician, dietician & patient coordinator is of utmost importance. As each bariatric group manages patients differently, it is advisable to follow their instructions completely.