More and more people are increasingly turning to bariatric surgery in order to lose weight and for improving comorbid diseases like diabetes, cardio-vascular diseases, joint pain etc. The rising popularity of bariatric surgery can be attributed to its results which morbidly obese people haven’t been able to achieve before. These are the patients who have tried all forms of diets, exercise regimes and changes in lifestyle but haven’t achieved sustained results. What could be wrong? There can be many causes for the weight-gain. The reason can be slow metabolism or increase in hunger etc.
Bariatric surgery helps the extremely obese people to significantly cut down on the weight by means of different type of surgical procedures.
Procedure like the gastric sleeve is known for reducing the hunger pangs by the surgical removal of the part of stomach that produces hunger stimulating hormone.
On the other hand, Gastric Bypass is the oldest bariatric procedure being carried out for last 50-60 years. A patient who undergoes this surgery feels full with a small portion of food intake. In addition, because of bypass of a part of intestine food is not absorbed from portion, therefore, helping in weight loss.
Mini Gastric Bypass is a fairly recent procedure that is a combination of sleeve and bypass. In this procedure, a long sleeve of stomach is created along with bypass of rest of the stomach with long segment of intestine.
These and many other Bariatric procedures usually result in substantial weight loss.
Studies have shown that as a result of bariatric surgery much of the weight appears to stay off for at least 10 years. Apart from the weight loss, success is also measured in terms of improvement in quality of life, patients’ self-confidence etc.