Is bariatric surgery a shortcut to cure global obesity pandemic? Imagine people being able to do away with the morbid disease conditions in addition to losing the excessive weight, within few days after undergoing bariatric or weight loss surgery. The statement seems nothing short of a miracle.
Bariatric surgery has been performed for the treatment of obesity since 1953 when Dr. Richard Varco of Minnesota performed the first jejunoileal bypass specifically to induce weight loss from malabsorption. Over times, it has steadily gained preference amongst the population. We present to you the top reasons that will help you understand the effects of Bariatric surgery.
1) Significant long-term weight loss
There are studies that show that undergoing this surgery can result in successful maintenance of most of the weight loss achieved. The surgery comprises of procedures like gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy etc. that are performed on people suffering from obesity. A patient is able to achieve significant weight loss by opting for the most suitable procedure. The various procedures leading to sustained weight loss include:
- Reduction in the size of the stomach through placement of Gastric Band
- Removal of a portion of the stomach (Sleeve Gastrectomy or Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch)
- Re-routing of the small intestines to a small stomach pouch (Gastric Bypass Surgery)
2) Recovery from Type 2 Diabetes
What is Type 2 Diabetes? It is a chronic medical condition that develops when a body is unable to produce required level of insulin. According to International Diabetes Federation (IDF), bariatric surgery is recommended for patients with >30 BMI, with uncontrolled Type 2 diabetes in patients with at least 1 cardiovascular risk factor.
3) Reduction in risk factors that can lead to cardiovascular conditions
It is widely known fact that obesity is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. However, the coming of Bariatric surgery has been able to mend the threatening elements. Surgeries like Gastric Bypass, have shown results in reducing the risks of cardiovascular conditions, by effectively cutting down excessive weight and controlling diabetes.
4) Reduction in Psychological effects of Obesity
Weight loss helps in improving, both, mental and physical health. A person who has undergone Bariatric surgery has shown a significant reduction in depression, stress, and anxiety. Hence, this surgery proves to be an effective intervention in creating a positive impact on the psychological well-being as well.
5) Longevity with Bariatric Surgery
Bariatric surgery has become as safe as a hernia surgery with mortality risk of 0.05% & re-operation rate of 0.01% at large volume centers.
Not only does Bariatric surgery help in losing the excessive weight, it also leads to remission of various diseases that come with obesity thereby contributing to improved quality of health.